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365. Bus to Our History

Cho, Ju-hyung 기자2017.03.02 20:44:32

The Korea peninsula has been home to many civilizations from Gojoseon(2333 BC-108 BC) to the Republic of Korea (1948-). Many civilizations have been established and have perished, just like the rising and setting of the Sun. Daegu, a city surrounded by three major magnificent mountains, Palgong, Sobaek, and Taebaek, is standing still amid the swirling history. Over twists and turns of time, Daegu bears tons of precious cultural inheritances and they are still inspiring the descendants a long time after their creation. This section will introduce three historical places that are easy to access by bus from KNU.

 

Donghwasa Temple

 

** Tongil Daebul of Donghwasa Temple, the largest standing statue of Buddha in the world.


Period: Silla (57 BC- 935 AD)

How to get there: Take bus Number 719 at the North Gate and transfer to express bus Number 1 at Daegu International Airport. Proceed until the terminal station (approximately 75 mins).

Admission: 2,500 won (opens 24 hours)

Address: 1, Donghwasa 1-gil, Dong-gu, Daegu

       

Built by a monk named Geukdal in 493, during the Silla dynasty, Donghwasa Temple is one of the oldest traditional temples in Korea. Surrounded by the picturesque mountain Palgong, which is especially beautiful in spring and autumn, the temple is also famous for its geographical property in accordance with theory of Pung-Su (Feng-Shui). The original name was Yugasa Temple, which was changed in 832. During the Later Three Kingdoms period of Korea (892-936) and the Japanese Invasion of Korea (1592-1598), the temple was the center of fierce battles. The temple ignited the March First Movement in Daegu against the tyranny of imperialists during the colonial times (1910-1945). Contrary to its turbulent history, the temple is now welcoming tourists regardless of religion with a calming and uplifting atmosphere. Not only are there hundreds of cultural heritages along with the temple, but distinctive experiences including temple-stay and the National Tourist Park in the vicinity of the temple, attracting millions of people every year. Tourists can experience a cable car, traditional foods, and hot springs at the park.

 

Dalseong Park


** The first poetry monument of Korea is located in Dalseong; Lee, Sang-hwa, the legendary poet.


Period: Chosun dynasty (1392-1897)

How to get there: Take the bus named Bukgu 2 at the Main Gate and proceed until the Dalseong Park station (approximately 30 mins).

Admission: Free (open 05:00, close 21:00)

Address: 35, Dalseonggongwon-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu

 

Thirteen hectares (130,000m2) of park in the middle of the downtown area seems quite an unusual size to strangers. However, Dalseong Park is a well-loved place for citizens in Daegu. Aside from the cozy grass field that welcomes visitors, there is a zoo with 450 animals including elephants, and a Folk History Museum exhibiting the history of Daegu, providing additional reasons why people visit this place. In addition, Seomun market, the largest market in Daegu since the Chosun dynasty, is within walking distance from the park. However, these explanations describe not even half of the park’s worth. Dalseong has been a strategic location since prehistoric times. The place was fortified with soil in 261 AD, during Silla(57 BC-935 AD) and stone walls were reinforced during the Goryeo dynasty (918 –1392) and the Chosun dynasty (1392-1897). Gyeongsang Gamyeong, the pivotal provincial government, was relocated from Sangju to Dalseong and this place was the center of the south at one time. However, the Japanese government made this castle into a park and built its shrine to blur history during colonial times and these scars remain in the park.

          

Gukchae-bosang Memorial Park


** Gukchae-bosang Movement, also referred as National Debt Repayment Movement was the nationwide movement. All classes, men and women of all ages participated in this. It was built to memorialize women's participation.



** Gwanpoongloo originally was the main gate of the Gyeongsang Gamyeong. However, pro-Japanese collaborators, such as Park, Jung-yang, relocated it from downtown to Dalseong Park.


Period: Republic of Korea (constructed in 1999)

How to get there: Take express Number 6 bus across the North Gate and get off at the Feb. 28 Joongang Memorial Park. Walk east for 3 minutes (approximately 20 minutes in total).

Admission: Free (Memorial Park 24 hours, Memorial Hall: 09:00~18:00; Closed on Mondays)

Address: 670, Gukchae-bosang-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu

 

When it comes to Daegu, Dongseongno Street may be the first place we think of visiting. Department stores, shopping malls, restaurants, and movie theaters keep the street full of vitality throughout the year. Experience a 5-minute walk from this gorgeous street, and then you arrive at the Gukchae-bosang Memorial Park. The Gukchae-bosang Memorial Park was constructed in 1999 to memorialize the Gukchae-bosang Movement and to overcome the IMF crisis, which had a huge and disastrous impact on the economy. The Gukchae-bosang Movement, also called the National Debt Repayment Movement, is a national salvation movement conducted during the Korean Empire (1897-1910). The Japanese government compelled the Korean Empire to take out loans, this being one of the schemes to make the Korean economy subordinate to Japan. To break through these dead-blocking difficulties, intellectuals including Seo, Sang-don initiated the debt repayment campaign. Starting from Daegu, this campaign spread throughout the whole country. Men and women of all ages, regardless of their class, participated in this unprecedented national salvation movement.

 

Edward Hallet Carr remarked, “History is a continuous process of interaction between the historian and the facts, an unending dialogue between the present and the past”. It is time to listen to what history says. Let us hit the road and pay attention to our inheritances.

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