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366. Attitude towards the Unknown, Artificial Intelligence

Shin, Sang-yoo, Kim, Ah-young, Lee, Ju-eun 기자2017.05.12 18:22:26

      Throughout history, humans have had a tendency to simplify the tasks they were given. They tried to find new methods to satisfy their needs. Gradually, after many innovative inventions, Artificial Intelligence (AI) was created to ultimately meet human’s desires. Currently, most of the tasks that humans can do are mimicked by AI. One of them is the original characteristic of humans, cognitive functioning. However, advantage usually comes with disadvantage. AI provides us with convenience, but it reduces the amount of job opportunities. Now, unlike before, students think that creativity is more important than practical skills in work.


Q1. Is there a way to cooperate with the newly invented technology, and will new occupations be created?


Q2. What abilities should students possess to prepare for the era of AI?


Professor Kim, Tae-gyu, Dept. Electronics Engineering


A1. The development of AI will bring new markets and opportunities in the fields of health, education, and environment. At the same time, it possesses the potential to solve big social dilemmas. Smart vehicles decrease the mortality rate and enable the disabled to move easier. I totally agree with the fact that there is huge value in AI. One day, however, AI will exceed the capabilities of humans. Therefore, we should start considering how to encourage cooperation between humans and robots. For instance, there was an experiment which had to do with Diagnostic Radiology; Both AI and a doctor can grasp whether a cancer cell exists or not. AI made 7.5% of errors and a pathologist made 3.5% of errors. However, when both collaborated, they reduced the error rate to 0.5%. When humans and robotics remedy each other’s shortcomings, efficiency will definitely increase. Technology is not a destination. AI possesses possibilities of reducing wages of low skilled workers and eliminating their jobs. Thus, the government should have a policy of distributing the financial benefits of AI extensively. They should maximize the effectiveness of automation, and minimize the negative effects. Countering the negative aspects of AI will be up to the nation’s policy makers. Technologies like AI need inter-professional skills to help in the making of legislation. The ability to respond to unresolved problems is difficult. However since this is an inevitable task, it is my cautious guess that new career fields will be generated. I recommend watching ‘AI’ or ‘Bicentennial Man’ to understand common ideas about AI. Those movies were made about 20 years ago, but they are now actualized and are co-existent with us in contemporary society.


A2. No experts can predict how the era of AI will turn out. There is no specific answer to this question, but the ability to ‘Ask the right question to induce the right answer’ and ‘Understanding and structuralizing the area of data’ are required. For these skills, regardless of departments, three characteristics are needed. First, creativity is needed to generate new ideas and structures which recall a hypothesis of ‘unpopular belief’. Suppose a machine made a wave-shaped chair by mistake. The machine recognizes it as an error, while humans may view it as art. It is the human who interprets whether it is art or not. Second is leadership, in other words, a skill to move people. Leadership needs complex communication among people to work and direct their enthusiasm to achieve a goal. Finally, the ability to resolve social problems is needed to dissolve dormant and present dissatisfactions.


Professor Bae, Jun-hyeon, Chief of Industrial Cooperation


A1. Cooperation is essential for our society in order for our society to live in harmony with technology. Fearing the side effects of technology and wanting to shun such development is an absurd reaction. What we humans have to do is not to avoid development but rather to properly adjust and cooperate with technology. This is because there are more benefits when technology is advanced than when it is not. It is indeed true that the numbers of occupations have been reduced due to the creation of AI. This is because AI has transformed the market from simple manufacturing to complex inventing. The work fields are requiring fewer employees with higher education. This was an anticipated result when we created AI to meet our desire to become comfortable. For instance, IBM invented a medical device called Watson, which diagnoses patients. Watson is anticipated to make more than thousands of doctors jobless. Moreover, it will require doctors not only to have specialized knowledge of medical science but also understanding of AI. As job opportunities disappear, new job possibilities will open up. People fear the loss of traditional work fields and job opportunities. This is an unnecessary concern, because history has proved that a loss of an established system creates a new system. Cooperation itself is a concept that has not been long existent. Our current structure of providing labor, in which we go to the firms and work to be paid, was created after the loss of feudalism. The fourth industrial revolution will completely transform the current industrial structure.


A2. Assertions of students regarding what they will need in future eras are usually expressed in on different terms. The definition of creativity, communication skills, and practical working skills must be re-defined. Creativity will be needed to seek out new problems that we can solve together with the technology; communication skills will be needed to help IOTs function properly with human’s interaction; and working skills will be needed to properly utilize systems using AI. This is currently being done in the wrong way, because we can see students trying to attain more licenses and official scores. The scores and the licenses will become meaningless. We should realize that those documents do not represent our skills or our capability to work. Students will now have to start asking different questions and stop lingering on the questions that were needed to be answered in the past. Now is the era to answer the question of ‘what to solve’ rather than ‘how to solve’. What I regret about our country’s education is that we teach students to train themselves rather than to seek for what they have to train themselves with.

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